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Recent Publications

Philip Czech, Lisa Heschl, Karin Lukas, Manfred Nowak, Gerd Oberleitner (eds.)European Yearbook on Human Rights 2021 (Cambridge/Vienna: Intersentia/NWV 2021)

COVID-19 and the wide range of emergency measures that governments and policy makers have introduced in the name of fighting the pandemic have shaped our lives over the past year and a half. The thirteenth edition of the European Yearbook on Human Rights takes the opportunity to reflect on the impact that COVID-19 has had on human rights and to assess the proportionality and necessity of state responses to the pandemic in order to ensure a resilient human rights system in the future. Renowned scholars, emerging voices and practitioners provide a cross-section of human rights issues in their contributions. These issues range from the underlying considerations of justice and equality and access to resources, to the protection of core human rights during the pandemic, such as the right to health, the right to hold democratic elections and the protection of vulnerable groups, including the elderly, persons with disabilities and migrants. In this way, the European Yearbook on Human Rights 2021 raises awareness of the complexities of human rights protection during a pandemic and beyond, and stimulates debate and further research in the field in order to ensure that future responses to crises not only pay respect to human rights, but are rooted in them. 

Gregor Fischer-Lessiak, Clara Millner, Sonja Radkohl (eds.), Online Hate Speech. Perspektiven aus Praxis, Rechts- ­und Medienwissenschaften (Wien: NWV, 2021) 

Online Hate Speech ist ein virulentes, gesamtgesellschaftliches Problem: User*innen von sozialen Netzwerken und Online-Medien sind zunehmend davon betroffen. Auch der Rechtsstaat und Organisationen müssen neue Umgangsstrategien finden. Die Autor*innen dieses Sammelbandes betrachten Online Hate Speech aus interdisziplinären Perspektiven der Rechts-, Politik-, Medien- und Sozialwissenschaften und aus der Praxis. Sie bieten Einblicke in neueste rechtliche Entwicklungen, in die mediale bzw. zivilgesellschaftliche Auseinandersetzung, die Betroffenheit von Personen(-Gruppen) und in die Strafrechtstheorie und -praxis. Praktische Handlungsempfehlungen für Politik, Medien, Zivilgesellschaft und Einzelne für den Umgang mit Online Hate Speech runden die Publikation ab. Die Inhalte des Sammelbandes entstammen dem Projekt „NoHate@WebStyria“ der Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz, der FH JOANNEUM und der Antidiskriminierungsstelle Steiermark - gefördert durch den Zukunftsfonds Steiermark.

Tanja Tajmel,  Klaus Starl,  Susanne Spintig (eds.)The Human Rights-Based Approach to STEM Education (Münster: Waxmann, 2021) 

This volume provides the first introduction to the right to science/STEM education, with contributions from international scholars and experts from organizations, including UNESCO, and from diverse disciplines such as human rights; science education; educational studies; anti-racist and decolonizing pedagogy; feminist and gender studies in science, technology, and engineering; and management and organizational studies. The book offers a thorough grounding in the right to education and its application in the STEM fields. It provides interdisciplinary perspectives that allow for a broad understanding of the human right to science education at all intersectional levels of STEM education and in STEM careers. 

Based on the Berlin Declaration on the Right to Science Education, adopted at the 1st International Symposium on Human Rights and Equality in STEM Education (October 2018), this volume suits as a textbook for university courses at the undergraduate or graduate level. It will also prove extremely valuable to researchers from a range of disciplines but, in particular, those interested in human rights, education, science/STEM education, as well as practitioners, program and curriculum developers, policy makers, educators, and, of course, the interested public.

Isabella Meier, Research on Human Rights at the Local and Regional Levels: Methods, Practices, Approaches, in: Gerd Oberleitner, Klaus Starl (series eds.), Human Rights Go Local Publications Series, Volume 2 (Graz: HRGL Publishing, 2020)

This book addresses four fundamental questions:

  • How to materialize the benefits of qualitative human rights data for evidence-based policy-making, monitoring and impact assessment? 
  • How to translate human rights issues and questions into research questions?
  • How to develop adequate methods for answering research questions and gathering meaningful data?
  • How to make research findings useful to local authorities and decision-makers?

The publication series is jointly edited by the UNESCO Centre for the Promotion of Human Rights at the Local and Regional Levels (Graz, Austria) and the UNESCO Chair in Human Rights and Human Security at the University of Graz. The contributions to this publication series are targeted to all stakeholders at the local and regional levels: municipal administrations and regional governments; local authorities and service-providers; city coalitions; scholars and activists; and everyone seeking to understand, evaluate, discuss, and engage in fostering human rights and sustainable development at the local and regional levels. This book addresses human rights research at the local level and provides human rights institutes and researchers with field-proven research strategies and methods. The book argues that human rights research facilitates a human rights-based approach to policy-making. It introduces qualitative social fieldwork approaches to human rights issues and outlines methods of gathering human rights data relevant to the local level.

Wolfgang Benedek, Matthias C. Kettemann, Freedom of expression and the internet, updated and revised 2nd edition (Strasbourg: Council of Europe Publishing, 2020)

Human rights matter on the internet. Without freedom of expression, people cannot participate in everything that the information society has to offer. Yet online free speech is in danger. Between state laws, private rules and algorithms, full participation in the online communicative space faces many challenges. This publication explores the profound impact of the internet on free expression and how it can be effectively secured online.

The second, updated edition of this introduction into the protection of freedom of expression online answers essential questions regarding the extent and limits of freedom of expression online and the role of social networks, courts, states and organisations in online communication spaces. In clear language, with vivid examples spanning two decades of internet law, the authors answer questions on freedom of expression in cyberspace. Addressing issues from the protection of bloggers to the right to access online information, the publication also shows the importance of the standard-setting, monitoring and promotion activities of international and non-governmental organisations and includes a chapter on relevant national practice. It pays special attention to the role of European human rights law and the Council of Europe as this region’s most important human rights organisation.

Philip Czech, Lisa Heschl, Karin Lukas, Manfred Nowak, Gerd Oberleitner (eds.), European Yearbook on Human Rights 2020 (Cambridge: Intersentia/Wien: NWV, 2020)

The European Yearbook on Human Rights brings together renowned scholars, emerging voices and practitioners. Split into parts devoted to recent developments in the European Union, the Council of Europe and the OSCE as well as through reports from the field, the contributions engage with some of the most important human rights issues and developments in Europe. The Yearbook helps to better understand the rich landscape of the European regional human rights system and is intended to stimulate discussions, critical thinking and further research in this field.

Karina Gomes, Markus Möstl, Implementing Human Rights and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development at the Local Level: Key Issues and Examples, in: Gerd Oberleitner, Klaus Starl (series eds.), Human Rights Go Local Publications Series, Volume 1 (Graz: HRGL Publishing, 2020)

This book discusses three fundamental questions:

  • What are the interlinkages between human rights and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and what practical implications does this relationship have for the local level?
  • How do local level authorities, such as Human Rights Cities, (concurrently) implement human rights and the Sustainable Development Goals in practice?
  • Which governance levels are practically involved in the implementation of human rights and the international development agenda at the local level and how do they interact and influence each other?

The publication series is jointly edited by the UNESCO Centre for the Promotion of Human Rights at the Local and Regional Levels (Graz, Austria) and the UNESCO Chair in Human Rights and Human Security at the University of Graz. This book is the first volume in the publication series “Human Rights Go Local”. This series will allow established researchers, new voices, and practitioners to contribute to the debate on the interlinkages between human rights and global policy frameworks, such as the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and the New Urban Agenda. In addition, the publication series will showcase how these very interlinkages can guide us towards creating inclusive, resilient, safe, and sustainable urban spaces and regions. The contributions to this publication series are targeted to all stakeholders at the local and regional levels: municipal administrations and regional governments; local authorities and service-providers; city coalitions; scholars and activists; and everyone seeking to understand, evaluate, discuss, and engage in fostering human rights and sustainable development at the local and regional levels

Wolfgang Benedek, Tadesse Kassa Woldetsadik, Tesfaye Abate Abebe (eds.), Implementation of International Human Rights Commitments and the Impact on Ongoing Legal Reforms in Ethiopia (Leiden: Brill/Boston: Nijhoff, 2020)

This edited volume on Implementation of International Human Rights Commitments and Implications on Ongoing Legal Reforms in Ethiopia addresses key themes of contemporary interest focused on identifying the gaps between Ethiopia’s human rights commitments and the practical problems associated with the realisation of human rights goals. Political and legal challenges affecting implementation at the domestic levels continue in Ethiopian – the nature and complexity of which have been thoroughly expounded in this volume. This edition uncovers the key challenges involving civil and political rights, socio-economic rights and cultural and institutional dimensions of the implementation of human rights in Ethiopia – while the country is absorbed in legal and political reforms.

Philip Czech, Lisa Heschl, Karin Lukas, Manfred Nowak, Gerd Oberleitner (eds.), European Yearbook on Human Rights 2019 (Cambridge: Intersentia/Wien: NWV, 2019)

2018 has been another challenging year for human rights in Europe and globally. International human rights standards, the rule of law and international human rights institutions have come under increasing pressure. The eleventh volume of the European Yearbook on Human Rights discusses the backgrounds of these developments and outlines the potential implications and possible solutions. The backsliding of democracy in Poland and Hungary, the human rights fallout from Brexit and the human rights situations in Chechnya and the Ukraine are mentioned as just a few examples. The Yearbook also includes contributions on all-time classics such as the right to freedom of expression or fair trial and tensions between security and the protection of human rights, as well as more recent developments on the rights of persons with disabilities and the rights of children to be heard in political processes.

The European Yearbook on Human Rights brings together renowned scholars, emerging voices and practitioners. Split into parts devoted to recent developments in the European Union, the Council of Europe and the OSCE as well as through reports from the field, the contributions engage with some of the most important human rights issues and developments in Europe. The Yearbook helps to better understand the rich landscape of the European regional human rights system and is intended to stimulate discussions, critical thinking and further research in this field.

Wolfgang Benedek, Philip Czech, Lisa Heschl, Karin Lukas, Manfred Nowak (eds.), European Yearbook on Human Rights 2018 (Cambridge: Intersentia/Wien: NWV, 2018)

Both in Europe and around the world, 2017 has been another difficult year for the protection of human rights. Examples of the increased pressure on the European human rights system are apparent: the attack on the independence of the judiciary in Poland, which was responded to by the first time initiation of the rule of law procedure by the European Commission; the increasing human rights issues arising from European migration policy; Russia’s suspension of its financial contribution to the Council of Europe and Turkey’s lowering of its contribution; and the difficulties in appointing key human rights positions in the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.

Split into its customary four parts and complemented by book reviews of recent publications on human rights in Europe, the tenth volume of the European Yearbook on Human Rights brings together renowned scholars to analyse some of the most pressing and topical human rights issues being faced in Europe today.

Lauri Mälksoo and Wolfgang Benedek (eds.), Russia and the European Court of Human Rights: The Strasbourg Effect (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2017)

Why has there been a human rights backlash in Russia despite the country having been part of the European human rights protection system since the late 1990s? To what extent does Russia implement judgments of the Strasbourg Court, and to what extent does it resist the implementation? This fascinating study investigates Russia's turbulent relationship with the European Court of Human Rights and examines whether the Strasbourg court has indeed had the effect of increasing the protection of human rights in Russia. Researchers and scholars of law and political science with a particular interest in human rights and Russia will benefit from this in-depth exploration of the background of this subject.

Gerd Oberleitner (ed.), International Human Rights Institutions, Tribunals and Courts (Singapore: Springer, 2018)

This book introduces readers to the major human rights institutions, courts, and tribunals and critically assesses their legacy as well as the promise they hold for realizing human rights globally, and the challenges they face in doing so. It traces the rationale of setting up international institutions, courts, and tribunals with the aim of ensuring respect for international human rights law and presents their historic development, and critically analyzes their contribution to the promotion and protection of human rights. At the same time, it asks which promises old and new (and envisaged) human rights institutions hold for safeguarding human rights in light of continuing violations and recent global trends in human rights and politics. The first section presents institutions created within the framework of the United Nations. The second part of the volume assesses how international criminal tribunals have reframed human rights violations as individual criminal acts. The third part of the volume is devoted to established and emerging regional human rights bodies and courts around the world.

Gerd Oberleitner, Human Rights in Armed Conflict - Law, Practice, Policy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, paperback 2018)

It is now widely accepted that international human rights law applies in situations of armed conflict alongside international humanitarian law, but the contours and consequences of this development remain unclear. This book revisits, organizes and contextualizes the debate on human rights in armed conflict and explores the legal challenges, operational consequences and policy implications of resorting to human rights in situations of inter- and intra-state violence. It presents the benefits and the drawbacks of using international human rights law alongside humanitarian law and discusses how the idea, law and policy of human rights influence the development of the law of armed conflict. Based on legal theory, policy analysis, state practice and the work of human rights bodies it suggests a human rights-oriented reading of the law of armed conflict as feasible and necessary in response to the changing character of war.

Lisa Heschl, Protecting the Rights of Refugees Beyond European Borders: Establishing Extraterritorial Legal Responsibilities (Cambridge: Intersentia, 2018)

The European migration and asylum policy has been shaped by efforts to establish an efficient migration management system in order to protect the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice from the new security threat of 'irregular migration'. The extraterritorialisation of immigration control measures beyond territorial borders form part of this strategy and the EU-Turkey deal and the call for an increased cooperation with Northern Africa are but two examples. Pre-border control mechanisms composed of administrative, legislative and operational measures, are largely perceived as effective means to channel flows of migrants avoiding logistical and financial burdens for Member States. However, from a legal perspective, this shift to extraterritorial activities raises important questions related to the creation of zones in which responsibilities for legal norms related to the protection of refugees may be circumvented by States or any other actors involved in migration control activities. Protecting the Rights of Refugees Beyond European Borders tries to reconcile the motives behind extraterritorialisation strategies with actual legal consequences. It carefully examines the legal frameworks that govern situations in which a migrant meets an authority in the context of extraterritorial immigration control measures. The book approaches the topic from the hypothesis that international and European obligations do not only constrain extraterritorial acts of States or specialised agencies, but give rise to concrete legal responsibilities deriving from different legal regimes such as general international law, human rights law and EU law. In addition, it takes a more practical approach going beyond the normative establishment of legal responsibilities by investigating the actual possibilities to invoke eventual responsibilities for violations of fundamental guarantees occurring in the context of extraterritorial immigration control measures.

Stefan Salomon, Lisa Heschl, Gerd Oberleitner, Wolfgang Benedek (eds.), Blurring Boundaries: Human Security and Forced Migration (Leiden: Brill, 2017)

In Blurring Boundaries: Human Security and Forced Migration scholars from law and social sciences offers a fresh view on the major issues of forced migration through the lens of human security. Although much scholarship engages with forced migration and human security independently, they have hardly been weaved together in a comprehensive manner. The contributions cover the issues of refugee law, maritime migration, human smuggling and trafficking and environmental migration.

Blurring Boundaries critically engages boundaries produced in the law with the main ideas of human security, thus providing a much-needed novel vocabulary for a critical discourse in forced migration studies.

Gregor Fischer, FIFA and Human Rights: From Harsh Tackles to Fair Play? (Wien: NWV, 2017)

Football makes the world go round. Accordingly, the international governing body of federation football, the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) is a powerful actor on the international plane, and it is not always playing fair: Its market force persuades states to reform their budgets, administrative provisions, public policing and even their criminal jurisdiction systems, potentially endangering the rights of the individual. But can FIFA be held accountable, as non-state actors all too often seem to be out of reach of international human rights law? In this book, examples of adverse human rights impacts of FIFA’s operations are examined in the context of the international human rights order. Will public international law be able to tame the football giant? Or are there alternative, more promising routes that should be taken to prevent harsh human rights fouls in the future?

Studie zur Menschenrechtsbildung (2012) online verfügbar!

Das UNI ETC freut sich, die vom Zentrum erstellte Studie zur Meschenrechtsbildung an den postsekundären Institutionen Österreichs, bei der es sich um einen Beitrag zum Weltprogramm für Menschenrechtsbildung der Vereinten Nationen handelt, nun auch kostenlos und frei verfügbar online bereitstellen zu können.

Die Studie selbst kann hier als PDF-Datei heruntergeladen werden.

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