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Publikationen (Auswahl) / Selected Publications

Wolfgang Benedek, Philip Czech, Lisa Heschl, Karin Lukas, Manfred Nowak (eds.), European Yearbook on Human Rights 2018 (Cambridge: Intersentia/Wien: NWV, 2018)

Both in Europe and around the world, 2017 has been another difficult year for the protection of human rights. Examples of the increased pressure on the European human rights system are apparent: the attack on the independence of the judiciary in Poland, which was responded to by the first time initiation of the rule of law procedure by the European Commission; the increasing human rights issues arising from European migration policy; Russia’s suspension of its financial contribution to the Council of Europe and Turkey’s lowering of its contribution; and the difficulties in appointing key human rights positions in the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.

Split into its customary four parts and complemented by book reviews of recent publications on human rights in Europe, the tenth volume of the European Yearbook on Human Rights brings together renowned scholars to analyse some of the most pressing and topical human rights issues being faced in Europe today.

Lauri Mälksoo and Wolfgang Benedek (eds.), Russia and the European Court of Human Rights: The Strasbourg Effect (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2017)

Why has there been a human rights backlash in Russia despite the country having been part of the European human rights protection system since the late 1990s? To what extent does Russia implement judgments of the Strasbourg Court, and to what extent does it resist the implementation? This fascinating study investigates Russia's turbulent relationship with the European Court of Human Rights and examines whether the Strasbourg court has indeed had the effect of increasing the protection of human rights in Russia. Researchers and scholars of law and political science with a particular interest in human rights and Russia will benefit from this in-depth exploration of the background of this subject.

Gerd Oberleitner (ed.), International Human Rights Institutions, Tribunals and Courts (Springer: Springer Nature, 2018)

This book introduces readers to the major human rights institutions, courts, and tribunals and critically assesses their legacy as well as the promise they hold for realizing human rights globally, and the challenges they face in doing so. It traces the rationale of setting up international institutions, courts, and tribunals with the aim of ensuring respect for international human rights law and presents their historic development, and critically analyzes their contribution to the promotion and protection of human rights. At the same time, it asks which promises old and new (and envisaged) human rights institutions hold for safeguarding human rights in light of continuing violations and recent global trends in human rights and politics. The first section presents institutions created within the framework of the United Nations. The second part of the volume assesses how international criminal tribunals have reframed human rights violations as individual criminal acts. The third part of the volume is devoted to established and emerging regional human rights bodies and courts around the world.

Gerd Oberleitner, Human Rights in Armed Conflict - Law, Practice, Policy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015)

It is now widely accepted that international human rights law applies in situations of armed conflict alongside international humanitarian law, but the contours and consequences of this development remain unclear. This book revisits, organizes and contextualizes the debate on human rights in armed conflict and explores the legal challenges, operational consequences and policy implications of resorting to human rights in situations of inter- and intra-state violence. It presents the benefits and the drawbacks of using international human rights law alongside humanitarian law and discusses how the idea, law and policy of human rights influence the development of the law of armed conflict. Based on legal theory, policy analysis, state practice and the work of human rights bodies it suggests a human rights-oriented reading of the law of armed conflict as feasible and necessary in response to the changing character of war.

Lisa Heschl, Protecting the Rights of Refugees Beyond European Borders: Establishing Extraterritorial Legal Responsibilities (Cambridge: Intersentia, 2018)

The European migration and asylum policy has been shaped by efforts to establish an efficient migration management system in order to protect the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice from the new security threat of 'irregular migration'. The extraterritorialisation of immigration control measures beyond territorial borders form part of this strategy and the EU-Turkey deal and the call for an increased cooperation with Northern Africa are but two examples. Pre-border control mechanisms composed of administrative, legislative and operational measures, are largely perceived as effective means to channel flows of migrants avoiding logistical and financial burdens for Member States. However, from a legal perspective, this shift to extraterritorial activities raises important questions related to the creation of zones in which responsibilities for legal norms related to the protection of refugees may be circumvented by States or any other actors involved in migration control activities. Protecting the Rights of Refugees Beyond European Borders tries to reconcile the motives behind extraterritorialisation strategies with actual legal consequences. It carefully examines the legal frameworks that govern situations in which a migrant meets an authority in the context of extraterritorial immigration control measures. The book approaches the topic from the hypothesis that international and European obligations do not only constrain extraterritorial acts of States or specialised agencies, but give rise to concrete legal responsibilities deriving from different legal regimes such as general international law, human rights law and EU law. In addition, it takes a more practical approach going beyond the normative establishment of legal responsibilities by investigating the actual possibilities to invoke eventual responsibilities for violations of fundamental guarantees occurring in the context of extraterritorial immigration control measures.

Stefan Salomon, Lisa Heschl, Gerd Oberleitner, Wolfgang Benedek (eds.), Blurring Boundaries: Human Security and Forced Migration (Leiden: Brill ,2017)

In Blurring Boundaries: Human Security and Forced Migration scholars from law and social sciences offers a fresh view on the major issues of forced migration through the lens of human security. Although much scholarship engages with forced migration and human security independently, they have hardly been weaved together in a comprehensive manner. The contributions cover the issues of refugee law, maritime migration, human smuggling and trafficking and environmental migration.

Blurring Boundaries critically engages boundaries produced in the law with the main ideas of human security, thus providing a much-needed novel vocabulary for a critical discourse in forced migration studies.

Gregor Fischer, FIFA and Human Rights: From Harsh Tackles to Fair Play? (Wien: NWV, 2017)

Football makes the world go round. Accordingly, the international governing body of federation football, the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) is a powerful actor on the international plane, and it is not always playing fair: Its market force persuades states to reform their budgets, administrative provisions, public policing and even their criminal jurisdiction systems, potentially endangering the rights of the individual. But can FIFA be held accountable, as non-state actors all too often seem to be out of reach of international human rights law? In this book, examples of adverse human rights impacts of FIFA’s operations are examined in the context of the international human rights order. Will public international law be able to tame the football giant? Or are there alternative, more promising routes that should be taken to prevent harsh human rights fouls in the future?

Studie zur Menschenrechtsbildung (2012) online verfügbar!

Das UNI ETC freut sich, die vom Zentrum erstellte Studie zur Meschenrechtsbildung an den postsekundären Institutionen Österreichs, bei der es sich um einen Beitrag zum Weltprogramm für Menschenrechtsbildung der Vereinten Nationen handelt, nun auch kostenlos und frei verfügbar online bereitstellen zu können.

Die Studie selbst kann hier als PDF-Datei heruntergeladen werden.

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